Department of Anthropology, University of Hyderabad, India
Local Knowledge, Western Science and Development Imperatives
|Although the role of local knowledge in the development of much of Western science and|
|technology has been long recognized, both these world views are not yet reconciled
being projected as mutually contradictory. While the Western science denigrates local
knowledge as trivial and superstitious,indigenous communities reject Western scientific
knowledge as alien and non-confirming to their tradition. Lack of integration between these
two complementary systems of knowledge has put in jeopardy the developmental processes.
This paper, therefore, examines the constraints in and possibilities of meaningfully integrating
these two systems of knowledge and directing them towards development in less developed
Kibet A. Ng'etich
Department of Anthropology and Sociology, Egerton University, P. O. Box
356 Njoro, Kenya
Indigenous people and indigenous knowledge research: Towards enhancements
of peoples' participation in indigenous knowledge research
|Following the failure of the top-down development strategy and the adoption of bottom-up|
|strategy in developing countries, indigenous knowledge has gained recognition as
a vital base
for sustainable development. However, conventional research has unnecessarily continued to
dominate empirical indigenous knowledge research. This research strategy treats indigenous
people, the producers and custodians of indigenous knowledge, as objects of research-
informants whose knowledge is "mined" for the understanding and perhaps benefit of others.
Such research strategy is discriminative and exploitative often leaving the condition of
indigenous people largely unchanged.
|Assuming that indigenous knowledge is a critical resource, this paper attempts to|
|demonstrate the need for the use of Participatory Action-Research (PAR), to explore
questions in indigenous knowledge studies such as: who owns indigenous knowledge? who
benefits from it? are indigenous people aware of the value of their knowledge? The paper
argues that PAR ensures that indigenous knowledge benefit indigenous people as wells as
others and empower them by firmly putting them in control of their indigenous knowledge
University of Derby, UK
Transnational flows, local imaginations and diverse powers: migration and
development in Guinea Bissau
|In this paper I explore the relationship between indigenous knowledge, migration and|
|development in Guinea Bissau. I argue that in a transnational context where transnational
of a multiplicity of different types are channelled between 'developed' and 'developing'
countries 'indigenous knowledge' is not drawn solely from things of local origin. Rather it
also constitutes local people's appropriations of and imaginations about a range of other
objects, discourses and narratives originating from 'outside'. These may be based on (for
example) media representation, returned migrants' accounts or contact with Europeans (such as
with development workers). More typically developers have appropriated 'indigenous
knowledge' in order to integrate development objectives into local production strategies. I
argue that given the centrality of migration to the everyday lives and strategies of Manjaco
people in Guinea Bissau, knowledge about migration and development form a significant
element of an indigenous knowledge.
|Through a discussion of the migration 'system', the transnational imaginations of local|
|non- migrants, I explore the cultural discourses and experiences through which 'indigenous
knowledge' about migration and development are produced. In particular I focus on the
production of local knowledge about migration and development, and the ways that local
people situate power both geographically and in relation to individuals within their transnational
imaginations. Finally I discuss the contemporary interface between 'indigenous knowledge'
about migration and the crisis of development in the area and the potential of migration for
development and transnational collaborations.
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